All You Need To Know About Piano
In the last article, we saw the differences between acoustic and digital pianos. Now we’ll talk about pianos and the piano course at Piano Online Learning Music. The piano is a string musical instrument, by the Hornbostel-Sachs classification system. To produce the sound, we use wood. And covered with a material called felt. It’s soft and called hammers, and is activated through a keyboard, they touch the strings stretched and attached to a rigid structure of wood or metal. The strings vibrate and produce sound. As a mechanism-driven string instrument activated by a keyboard, the piano is like the clavichord and harpsichord.
The three instruments differ, however, in the mechanism of sound production. On a harpsichord, they pinch the strings. Upon a clavichord, hammers hit the strings. These remain in contact with the string. On the piano, the hammer moves away from the string after playing it, letting it vibrate.
It had its first reference published in 1711 in the “Giornale dei Litterati d’Italia” because of its presentation in Florence by its inventor Bartolomeo Cristofori. They make a series of improvements from that moment on. The essence of the invention lay in the possibility of giving different intensities to the sounds. It received the name “piano-forte” (which goes from the pianissimo to the fortissimo) and later, reduced only to piano. Such possibilities of sound matrices ended up what composers prefer over the clavicembalo.
The modern pianos, although they are not different from the oldest in terms of tones, bring new aesthetic formats and materials that compose the instrument. A common piano has:
Forming all musical notes.
We use the piano in western music, jazz, solo performance and accompaniment. It is also popular as an aid to composing. Although it is not portable and has a high price. The piano is a versatile instrument, one feature that has made it one of the best known musical instruments in the world.
Types of Piano
There are two versions of the modern acoustic piano: the grand piano and the vertical piano (piano cabinet).
The grand piano has the frame and strings placed horizontally. It, therefore, needs a lot of space, as it is large. It is suitable for concert halls with high ceilings and good acoustics. There are several models and sizes, between 1.5 and 3 m in length and 620 kg.
The vertical piano has the frame and strings placed vertically. They can make the frame of metal or wood. Hammers don’t enjoy the force of gravity.
We can consider another type of piano: the auto piano or Pianola. This is a piano with a mechanical device that lets you press the keys in a sequence marked on a roll.
Some contemporary composers, such as John Cage, Toni Frade and Hermeto Pascoal. They have innovated in the piano’s sound by placing objects inside the sound box or changing the mechanism. We call a piano this altered a prepared piano.
The Portuguese Royal Family encouraged the use of the pianoforte in Brazil.
The Digital Piano
There is also the digital piano, which stores the sounds in a memory. It differs from digital keyboards because it simulates the feel of acoustic piano keys, and also simulates a common piano in its external structure. Despite its close resemblance to acoustic pianos in terms of sound and keys, it has advantages. Such as the ability to change the piano’s volume and also allow the use of headphones.
All modern pianos have 88 keys (seven octaves plus a minor third. From there -2 (or a0 scientific) (27.5 Hz) to C 7 (or scientific c8) (4,186 Hz)). Many older pianos have 84 keys (exactly seven octaves, from there -2 (a0 scientific) (27.5 Hz) to there 6 (a7 scientific) (3,520 Hz)). There are also eight-octave pianos from the Austrian Bösendorfer brand.
Traditionally, the keys of the natural notes (do, ré, mi, fá, sol, lá and si) are white. And the keys of the accidents (do ♯, ré ♯, fá ♯, sol ♯ and lá ♯ in the order of the sharps. The corresponding ré ♭, mi ♭, sol ♭, lá ♭ and si ♭ in the order of the flats) are black, made of wood, being the black ones generally covered by ebony. And the ivory white. lready in disuse and prohibited in the world, or plastic material.
Pedals are an important component of the piano. The pianos usually have two or three pedals, always being the one on the right, which allows the strings to vibrate freely, giving a prolonged sound. Allows you to perform a technique called legato, as if the sound of successive notes were a continuous one. Composers such as Frédéric Chopin used this pedal quite often in their pieces.
We call the left pedal a rope. Triggers on grand pianos a mechanism that shifts the hammers. This makes the played note when the hammer strikes three strings sound softer, as the hammer strikes only two strings.
The name una corda thus seems wrong, but on the first pianos, even of the inventor it to strike Cristofori, the deviation allowed. On vertical pianos the left pedal can achieve a similar effect by moving the hammers to a resting position closer to the strings.
The so-called sostenuto pedal allows it actuate only the note(s). Notes used at a later date will not sound freely. And soon as the pianist releases the keys it interrupts the sound. This makes it possible to hold some notes while the pianist’s hands are free to play other notes, which is very useful when performing, for example, continuous bass passages.
Something to increase the last on the piano was the sostenuto pedal. Almost all grand pianos have this pedal, while between vertical pianos there are still many that do not. Many 20th century parts require the use of this pedal. An example is “Catalogue d’Oiseaux” by Olivier Messiaen.
They have abolished the central sostenuto pedal on many vertical pianos, where. There is a deafening mechanism in place of the central pedal, which only serves to muffle the sound of the instrument. Piano Course at Balneario Camboriú If you want to learn how to play the piano at Balneário Camboriú, the best option is Simili Ensino Musical’s course.
The classes of all musical instruments, among them the piano, are weekly and last 50 minutes each. You also have free access to participate in the classes of Music Theory and Children’s or Adult Choir Singing. Besides concerts, masterclasses, band practice and free fortnightly classes of musical appreciation for the whole community.
We develop the classrooms for the best use of music teaching, acoustically treated walls, air-conditioned rooms, monitored by cameras and with new instruments. We use Yamaha acoustic pianos in classrooms.
Our faculty has qualified teachers with great musical training, among them, masters, doctors and some with international career.
The teaching method is efficient and focused on the technique of the instrument. Where the instrumental classes are individual and the complementary ones are in group aiming at a better formation.
Make your pre-registration below or if you are still in doubt, take a trial lesson. Piano Course at Balneário Camboriú, is at Simili Música.