Music As An Aid In The Treatment Of Diseases
Researchers kill cancer cells with Beethoven’s symphony. The call stamped on some of the most important news sites on the Internet. This may seem appealing, but the fact is true. A group of scientists led by Marcia Capella, from the Institute of Biophysics Carlos Chagas Filho, of Rio de Janeiro. Successfully conducted research in which, instead of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Researchers played Beethoven’s Symphony No.5 and Gyorgy Ligeti’s “Atmosphères”. For breast cancer cells, in laboratory.
According to the results, about 20% of the cells died after “hearing” Beethoven and Ligeti. While the rest decreased in size.
“This therapy is usually adopted in diseases linked to psychological problems, situations that involve an emotional component”, says the scientist.
“We have shown that, in addition, music produces a direct effect on the cells of our organism,”. Says the coordinator of the study.
The Influence Of Music
That music has an influence on psychic and psychological processes, we already knew.
According to the same researcher, the “Sonata for two pianos in D major”, by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. One of the most used in music therapy, causes something known as the “Mozart effect”. A temporary increase in spatio-temporal reasoning, which leads to a decrease in epileptic attacks.
To gather this information for medicine, neurologist Christine Charyton of Ohio State University. They monitored electrical activity in the brains of patients with epilepsy and without chronic neurological disease.
The results showed that when epileptic patients – about 1% of the world population – are listening to music. Brain waves tend to synchronize with it. Especially if the patient’s epilepsy is based on the temporal lobe characterized by recurrent, simple and complex partial seizures.
Two other studies prove the benefits that music can provide.
One of them, conducted by the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, in the USA,. Found that music can relieve depression in Alzheimer’s patients.
Among 60 individuals analyzed, the cases of the syndrome. Which appears as a result of chronic pain – that were treated with music had a decrease of 25%.
Researchers at the University of Helsinki, Finland, in turn. Have found that it can help in the recovery of stroke patients, the popular “stroke”.
Those who listened to music in the first week after the accident showed improvement. In both verbal memory and concentration capacity and even in mood.
The authors of the study believe that this happens because, when listening to music. The brain releases dopamine, related to the sensation of pleasure and motivation, which stimulates brain mechanisms.
Another study, conducted at Temple University in the United States, corroborates this fact.
According to researchers, music therapy treatment by trained therapists. Has helped improve movement in stroke patients by increasing walking speed to 14 meters per minute on average. Compared to standard therapy, and has helped patients take firmer steps.
The music also improved the movements of the arm, measured by the extension angle of the elbow.
Researchers at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, found that patients who listened to music before. During and after surgery had lower blood pressure, lower heart rate and much better recovery, especially when choosing their own selections.
To collect these results, data from 47 studies were evaluated, 26 of which analyzed the effect of music before surgery, 25 during surgery and 25 during recovery.
Music helped decrease pain sensation by 31% and the chance to use pain medication by 29%, and decreased patient anxiety by 34%.
In addition, it was able to decrease blood pressure by 40% and heart rate by 27% in patients.
The Study Of Music
If the simple act of listening to music can bring so many benefits, the study of a musical instrument provides even more tools to combat diseases and to restore or improve the conditions of patients.
Among many examples of the use of musical study as an aid in the treatment of diseases, one is the fight against stress.
Playing an instrument relieves tensions, replaces the focus of attention to the musical practice and brings sensations of pleasure and fulfillment, controlling anxiety and helping in the search for balance and concentration.
For patients with Alzheimer’s, the study of a musical instrument helps to increase the memory capacity, while also helping to increase the power of concentration.
By stimulating several areas of the brain together, the study of music can also, in patients victimized by strokes, contribute to the improvement of motor coordination and expression capacity.
Whether listening or practicing, music is an excellent aid in the treatment of a wide range of diseases because it affects the structure and function of different regions of the brain, changing the way they communicate, and their reaction to different sensory stimuli.
Musical learning has the potential to promote neural plasticity, the ability of neurons to form new connections at every moment.
Therefore, even people who have suffered accidents with brain mass loss, motor, visual, speech and hearing deficits can benefit from this study with the aim of gradually recovering.